A New Heart
LONDON:A pioneering new plastic heart is(1)doctors to keep(2)seriously ill children while they wait for(3)transplants.Doctors at Great Ormond Street Hospital in London have(4)to stabilize three young children by using the Berlin Heart,a device(5)keeps the blood pumping around the body when the child's own organ is too(6)to work properly.Jodie Lansdale told how her daughter,Claudia,was helped by the(7)as she waited for a heart to be donated.Claudia had been a(8)child,but at 13 months old she was diagnosed as having dilated (加宽的)cardiomyopathy.(心肌症)Claudia was put on different medicines but started to deteriorate.Her parents were told she might need to go to Great Ormond Street Hospital and(9)intensive care."But we didn't know how(10)we would have to wait until a donor(捐赠人)organ became available(11)very few people who have lost a child decide to donate their child's heart."Surgeon Carin Van Doom told the parents that there was a new device which might help Claudia,but that she would be only the second person to go on it.
In November,Claudia underwent a six-hour operation when the pump was fitted,taking(12)the function of her heart's left chamber(心室).The device was(13)by tubes to the heart but remained outside the body."The change was astonishing,"said Lansdale.
"Claudia went(14)being very weak to being able to sit up and move around.It was marvelous to see the change."A child's heart became available 27 days after the operation and Claudia received a transplant."We are just so(15)to the donor's family for allowing our daughter to live,"said Lansdale.
1.A.enabling B.preventing C.troubling D.bothering
2.A.naughty B.alive C.asleep D.dead
3.A.kidney B.heart C.lung D.liver
4.A.tried B.attempted C.managed D.failed
5.A.where B.what C.how D.which
6.A.strong B.weak C.healthy D.energetic
7.A.medicine B.device C.treatment D.doctor
8.A.healthy B.naughty C.weak D.sick
9.A.refuse B.receive C.return D.reject
10.A.often B.far C.soon D.long
11.A.when B.so C.because D.but
12.A.over B.beyond C.above D.on
13.A.attacked B.attached C.attracted D.affected
14.A.to B.from C.on D.over
15.A.careful B.hateful C.thankful D.beautiful
解析:一个先进的塑料心脏使医生能够在患重病的儿童等待心脏移植期间保证他们的生存。enable sb to do,使(某人)能够(做某事)。因此A正确。B阻止;C使困难;D困扰。
解析:too weak to work properly太弱而不能正常工作。
解析:Jodie Lansdale讲述了她的女儿是如何在这个设备的帮助下等候心脏捐献的。文中提到的new heart其实是一种设备，而不是药物或疗法。
解析:receive intensive care接收特别护理，因此B正确。A拒绝;C返还;D拒绝。
解析:这个设备被通过导管连在心脏上，但是被放在身体外面。be attached to连接，因此B正确。A攻击;C吸引;D影响。