1. He shifted his position a little in order to (alleviate) the pain in his leg.
control B. easy C. perience D. suffer
2. Our aim was to (upte) the health service, and we succeeded.
offer B. provide C. modernize D. fund
3. She moves from one (otic) location to another.
unusual B. filiar C. similar D. proper
4. Nothing would (induce) me to vote for him again.
teach B. help C. discourage D. attract
5. The photographs (evoked) strong memories of our holiy in France.
refreshed B. stored C. blocked D. erased
6. The weather was (crisp) and clear and you could see the mountains fifty miles away.
hot B. heavy C. fresh D. windy
7. Every week the magazine presents the (profile) of a well-known sports personality.
success B. description C. evidence D. plan
8. Her comments about men are (utterly) ridiculous completely.
slightly B. completely C. partly D. faintly
9. The walls are made of (hollow) concrete blocks.
A . big B. empty C. long D. now
10. We almost (ran into) a Rolls-Royce that pulled out in front of us without signaling.
A. overtook B. hit C. passed D. found
11. When I heard the noise in the nt room, I couldn’t resist having a (peep) look.
chance B. visit C. look D. try
12. He has been granted (asylum) in France.
A. power B. relief C. protection D. license
13. He was (weary) of the constant battle between them.
A. fond B. tired C. proud D. afraid
14. Newborn babies can (discriminate) between a man’s and a woman`s voice.
A. treat B. distinguish C. press D. analyzes
15. All the flats in the building had the se (layout) arrangement.
A. color B. size C. function D. arrangement
In Sports, Red is the Winning Color
When opponents of a ge are equally matched, the te dressed in red is more likely to win, according to a new study.
British anthropologists Russell Hill and Robert Barton of the University of Durh reached that conclusion by studying the outcomes of one-on-one boxing, tae kwon do, Greco-Roman-wresting, and freestyle-wrestling matches at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.
In each event Olympic staff randomly assigned red or blue clothing or body protection to competitors. When otherwise equally matched with their opponent in fitness and skill, athletes wearing red were more likely to win the bout.
"Where there was a large point difference—presumably because one contestant was far superior to the other—color had no effect on the outcome," Barton said. "Where there was a small point difference, the effect of color was sufficient to tip the balance."
In equally matched bouts, the preponderance of red wins was great enough that it could not be attributed to chance, the anthropologists say. Hill and Barton found similar results in a review of the colors worn at the Euro 2004 international soccer tournent. Their report will be published in tomorrow's issue of the journal Nature.
Joanna Setchell, a primate researcher at the University of Cbridge in England, has found similar results in nature. Her work with the large African monkeys known as mandrills shows that red coloration gives males an advantage when it comes to mating.
The finding that red also has an advantage in human sporting events does not surprise her, addding that "the idea of the study is very clever."
Hill and Barton got the idea for their study out of a mutual interest in the evolution of sual signals in primates—"red seems to be the color, across species, that signals male dominance and testosterone levels," Barton said.
For ple, studies by Setchell, the Cbridge primate researcher, show that dominant male mandrills have increased red coloration in their faces and rumps. Another study by other scientists shows that red plastic rings perimentally placed on the legs of male zebra finches increase the birds' dominance.
Barton said he and Hill speculated some speculated that "there might be a similar effect in humans. And if so, it could be apparent in sporting contests."